Development of Halal Procurement Practices: A Meta-Analysis
The rapid competition among businesses is growing across the globe forcing them to seek their competitive advantages and procurement and halal practices are one of the ways to improve a company's performance. Various literature can be found to discuss the importance of procurement and halal as a competitive advantage. However, there is limited literature on halal integration and procurement. The increasing Muslim population directly influences the request for halal products and services. This situation shows the relevance of understanding the integration between halal and procurement. Thus, this paper is targeted to systemise the existing literature on the practices of halal procurement. A meta-analysis approach was conducted instead of carrying out a traditional literature review. This paper analyses articles that have been published between 2012 to 2022 and they are carried out using the Emerald database, and Google Scholar search engine. The preliminary phase consists of 20 articles; however, after the thorough exclusion, the meta-analysis was conducted based on six articles. The results conclude that supplier management holds a crucial role in the development of halal procurement. The findings of this paper are aimed at assisting future researchers to conduct a study on halal procurement practice.